Edirne red (Rouge d’Adrinople), obtained from the root plant, known as the “legendary color” because its formula was the subject of espionage incidents during the Ottoman period, has become one of the preferences of ecological clothing lovers.
Trakya University Rector Prof. Dr. Erhan Tabakoğlu told the AA correspondent that many disciplines are interested in Edirne red.
Stating that the usage area of this color has increased and its economic value has begun to emerge, Tabakoğlu said, “Historians took it and put it in front of us, agriculturalists planted the root plant and cultivated its roots. They applied the root plant to fabric. We see successful examples of these. Companies developed textile product series. With ties, shawls, clothes. “Beautiful examples started to emerge. It also appeared in cosmetics as lipstick and cream. It has been used in many different areas.” he said.
Marmara University Technical Sciences Vocational School Textile, Clothing, Shoe and Leather Department Lecturer Assoc. Dr. Dilek Tüm Cebeci stated that academic and sectoral studies on Edirne red are continuing.
Explaining that the return to nature has begun in many areas in the world and in this context, applications are being made to 100% wool yarns to reveal more natural, Cebeci said:
“Dyeing substances can have a carcinogenic effect after passing certain tolerances. People now prefer ecological ones not only in food, but also in textiles and clothes worn directly on the skin. They even look at the labels specifically and investigate whether they are ecological or natural. Companies that practice this in the sector label their products as ‘ecological products’.” “They also use Edirne red color in their applications. Since the demands of the customers are in this direction, they offer their products in a different range.”
New product studies
Trakya University Faculty of Pharmacy, Head of Pharmaceutical Technology Department, Assoc. Dr. Gülşah Gedik pointed out that the toxic effects of Edirne red dye are low because it is not synthetic.
Pointing out that they designed new products to increase the economic return of the “rubia tinctorum” plant, from which the color is obtained, Gedik continued his words as follows:
“In addition to textile products where the dye is used extensively, we used the Edirne red plant in various pharmaceutical products. For example, we made a nail polish with antifungal properties and we are still working on developing it. We also made various products such as lipstick, body lotion and face cream. We also made it by using the salt of the Salt Lake.” “To increase the added value, we developed bath salts that provide quick manicures. Our work in this field continues.”
The story of color
“Edirne red”, which has an important place in the world textile industry, was produced as madder dye in the city in the 15th century. The formula of two paint masters, who discovered the brighter color of brick red and called it “Edirne red”, was carried from Edirne to Europe through espionage methods.
After a while, the formula was produced in France and became widespread in the textile industry in Europe.
After being produced in France in the 1740s, the color used in the industry under the name “Rouge d’Adrinople” (Edirne red) found an important place, especially in the textile field. In Edirne, the color preferred in the decorations of historical buildings and the traditional handicrafts of the city has been forgotten in the intervening period.
Work is being carried out in the city to increase the popularity of the color that was brought back to the land where it was born.