Human metabolism is a complex system that includes chemical reactions and physiological events that regulate vital processes in the body. Metabolism controls many basic functions of the organism, such as energy production, nutrient intake and use, intercellular communication, protein synthesis, cell growth and proliferation. In addition, metabolism provides the basic mechanism in gaining and losing weight. Here is the connection between excess fat around your waist and metabolic syndrome…
Metabolic syndrome refers to a condition that involves a combination of certain health problems, such as obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, low HDL (“good” cholesterol) levels, and high triglyceride levels. This condition is associated with an increased risk for heart disease, type 2 diabetes and other health problems. Fat accumulated, especially in the abdominal area, can be a symptom of metabolic syndrome. Therefore, waist circumference measurement is often used to assess the risk of metabolic syndrome.
Higher-than-normal blood pressure is another component of metabolic syndrome. High fasting blood sugar levels or insulin resistance may be an indication of metabolic syndrome. HDL cholesterol plays a positive role in heart health. Low HDL levels may be associated with metabolic syndrome. Triglycerides are a form of fat stored in the body. High triglyceride levels may increase the risk of metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic syndrome is usually diagnosed when three or more of these factors occur together in a person. This condition can be managed with lifestyle changes (healthy diet, regular exercise, weight loss) and sometimes medication. However, the treatment approach may vary depending on the individual’s specific condition and risk factors. Metabolic syndrome may require early diagnosis and intervention to prevent serious health problems. Therefore, it is important to identify risk factors and adopt a healthy lifestyle.
Treatment and prevention of metabolic syndrome can often include lifestyle changes, diet, exercise, and sometimes medication. A healthy diet should include low-sugar, low-fat, high-fiber foods. A balanced intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, protein sources and healthy fats should be taken. Processed carbohydrates should be avoided and complex carbohydrates should be preferred. Low glycemic index foods can be preferred to balance blood sugar.
Foods with high sugar content and processed foods should be avoided, and salt consumption should be kept under control. Additionally, one should aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise per week. In addition, resistance exercises can be done up to two days a week.
Increasing daily activities, such as simple activities such as using the stairs and walking, should be added to daily routines. Losing weight in overweight individuals may reduce symptoms of metabolic syndrome. Target weight loss is usually between 5 and 10%. Alcohol consumption should be limited. Recommended limits for health should not be exceeded.
Smoking may increase the risk of metabolic syndrome and related health problems. It is important to quit smoking.
In some cases, lifestyle changes may not be enough. Doctors may recommend medications to regulate blood pressure, control cholesterol levels, or regulate blood sugar. Regular health check-ups are important for the control and management of metabolic syndrome. Blood pressure, blood sugar levels and other risk factors should be monitored regularly.
Each individual’s situation is different, so it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for appropriate treatment and precautions. Your healthcare team can develop a treatment plan tailored to your specific condition and guide you towards a healthy lifestyle.